Command Line Interface
trash-cli trashes files recording the original path, deletion date, and permissions. It uses the same trashcan used by KDE, GNOME, and XFCE, but you can invoke it from the command line (and scripts).
It provides these commands:
- trash-put trash files and directories.
- trash-empty empty the trashcan(s).
- trash-list list trashed files.
- trash-restore restore a trashed file.
- trash-rm remove individual files from the trashcan.
Trash a file:
$ trash-put foo
List trashed files:
$ trash-list 2008-06-01 10:30:48 /home/andrea/bar 2008-06-02 21:50:41 /home/andrea/bar 2008-06-23 21:50:49 /home/andrea/foo
Search for a file in the trashcan:
$ trash-list | grep foo 2007-08-30 12:36:00 /home/andrea/foo 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo
Restore a trashed file:
$ trash-restore 0 2007-08-30 12:36:00 /home/andrea/foo 1 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/bar 2 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/bar2 3 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo2 4 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo What file to restore [0..4]: 4 $ ls foo foo
Remove all files from the trashcan:
Remove only the files that have been deleted more than <days> ago:
$ trash-empty <days>
$ date Tue Feb 19 20:26:52 CET 2008 $ trash-list 2008-02-19 20:11:34 /home/einar/today 2008-02-18 20:11:34 /home/einar/yesterday 2008-02-10 20:11:34 /home/einar/last_week $ trash-empty 7 $ trash-list 2008-02-19 20:11:34 /home/einar/today 2008-02-18 20:11:34 /home/einar/yesterday $ trash-empty 1 $ trash-list 2008-02-19 20:11:34 /home/einar/today
Remove only files matching a pattern:
$ trash-rm \*.o
Note: you need to use quotes in order to protect the pattern from shell expansion.
How to create a top level .Trash dir?
sudo mkdir --parent /.Trash sudo chmod a+rw /.Trash sudo chmod +t /.Trash
Can I alias rm to trash-put?
You can but you shouldn’t. In the early days I thought it was a good idea to do that but now I changed my mind.
Although the interface of trash-put seems to be compatible with rm, it has different semantics which will cause you problems. For example, while rm requires -R for deleting directories trash-put does not.
But sometimes I forget to use trash-put, really can’t I?
You could alias rm to something that will remind you to not use it:
alias rm='echo "This is not the command you are looking for."; false'
Then, if you really want to use rm, simply prepend a slash to bypass the alias:
Note that Bash aliases are used only in interactive shells, so using this alias should not interfere with scripts that expect to use rm.